Where are all the Female Characters??

 by Julia

As I was reading Edmund Spenser’s Faerie Queene, I started thinking about female representation in fantasy genres and how this relates to today’s pop culture.

britomart

Image: http://pdsh.wikia.com/wiki/Britomart

Series like Game of Thrones are praised because they have a wide variety of female characters from many different perspectives. Other series (like LOTR) have very few female characters. In the last Hobbit movie, Tauriel the elf was added to try and add more female representation.

 

Gif: halfabubble.tumblr.com

Many series have an underwhelming amount of female characters. On one hand, this makes sense for certain stories–to use a non-fantasy example, the film Shawshank Redemption definitely doesn’t pass the Bechdel test, but since it’s set in a male prison, this makes perfect sense. And it’s a great film.

 

Gif: filmotheques.tumblr.com

What bothers me about fantasy and sci-fi series and the lack of female characters is that it DOESN’T make sense. Are these people living in a world where all the women are somehow missing? For example, take Star Wars. You’ve got the token female character, Princess Leia. But when listing out how many female characters appear versus male characters, it’s overwhelmingly disproportionate.

 leia

Image source: thatgirlmag.com

Which brings me to my main pet peeve. So many creators have tried to “remedy” the lack of female representation by adding ONE female character to a group. Lack of females in the Hobbit? Let’s add one elf. Not a lot of female superheroes shown in Marvel? Let’s add one to the Avengers.

 

These women are often the stock “strong female characters.” They’re warriors, so they’ve got to be awesome, right?

 

Yeah, awesome. But it would also be cool to actually have a VARIETY of female characters. According to the 2014 Hollywood Diversity report, while women make up over 50% of the US population and minorities make up 36%, only 26% of films had a female lead, and only 11% of films studied had a minority lead. Other quick facts: only 4% of films were directed by women, 7.6% of films were written by minorities, and most broadcast shows have writing staffs with less than 40% women.

 

AND according to a study by the New York Times, even when women get to be the lead actress in a film, they get an average of 57 minutes on screen…compared to lead actors, who get an average of 85.

 

So is modern fantasy perpetuating this problem, or eliminating it? The choice to add Tauriel to the Hobbit was certainly controversial, since writers were making changes to the original story. But new shows, novels, and games with stories written in modern times can plausibly create more realistic universes. Series with complex, three-dimensional female characters like Game of Thrones, Harry Potter, The Hunger Games, Cinder, A Great and Terrible Beauty, Graceling, most things by Robin McKinley, and more create some opportunities for realistic female characters to flourish.

Gif source: cedricdigory.tumblr.com

However, the release schedule of Marvel movies is one indicator that this lack of equal representation is still an ongoing problem in the genre. As a huge fan of the fantasy and sci fi genre and a fan of comic books in general, I’ve always been a little sad at the way female characters were portrayed (or not portrayed) overall here. And the fact is, of the 15 Marvel movies that have been announced or released since 2008, 11 featured white men as the leads. The 4 others feature ensembles with only 1 female character in the group. It’s just starting to feel pretty redundant.

marvelbackpack

PS-Here’s a Marvel backpack I have. Black Widow isn’t even on it.

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2 thoughts on “Where are all the Female Characters??”

  1. I absolutely agree with all of this, it’s just ridiculous at this stage that we have to keep harping on about it at all. I love the game of Thrones cast, almost everything else suffers from having so few women that they’re all expected to be everything to everybody. You get complaints that they’re too masculine, too girly, don’t have enough faults, aren’t awesome enough, aren’t relate-able etc.

    I think my favorite fantasy author is Robin Hobb by the way, she writes a good range of male and female characters.

  2. What I think about when I debate why female characters are under presented is the video game market itself. Yes, they add a lot of depth and coolness but there has to be a demand for them in games and media for them to be present. What I mean is, right now the industry isn’t producing female characters because the consumers don’t demand them. More blogs like this and voicing of concern and pretty soon designers are going to meet that need with more female characters.

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